Human resource management and educational goal achievement in Nigeria



This study examined human resource management and educational goal achievement in North-central zone, Nigeria. Quantitative research designed was used for this study. Sample of 331 principals were proportionally selected from the sample junior secondary school. Data was collected using Human Resource Management Questionnaire. Pearson product moment correlation coefficient and linear regression analysis were used to analyze the data collected. The findings reveal that staff development and Provision of staff welfare and appraisal of staff performance were significantly and positively correlated with educational goal achievement. Therefore, it was recommended that school administrators should give room for continuous staff development so as to provide teachers with the opportunity to acquire knowledge, skills and attitude needed to perform effectively in the class. In addition, school administrators should improve on the provision of staff welfare by paying salary and allowance regularly and promptly in order to allow teachers to concentrate on their professional task and improve total commitment of staff for the purpose of educational goal achievement. Furthermore, school administrators should continue to appraise staff performance in order to provide constructive feedback as well as identifying areas of improvement as well as allowing teacher to identify their areas of strengths and weaknesses so as to enhance educational goal achievement.


Quality instruction, staff development, human resource, welfare, Nigeria

Full Text:



Abdullahi, N. J. K. (2017). Managing Universal Basic Educational for breaking poverty circle in Nigeria. Journal of Social Humanities, 2(2), 39-46.

Abdullahi, N. J. K. (2020). Human resource development and management of tertiary education for global competitiveness. Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 7(1), 73-88.

Abdullahi, N. J. K., Murtala, A. T., Ojo, O. J., & Lawal, A. A. (2016). Staff development programmes and teachers’ job performance in lower basic schools in Kwara Sate, Nigeria. Journal of Humanities and Education, 1(1), 67-75.

Abelega M. A. (2003). Sustainable human resource development in agriculture. The Nigeria Teachers Today, 11, 58-66.

Adejumobi, F. T., & Ojikutu, R. K. (2013). School climate and teacher job performance in Lagos State, Nigeria. Discourse Journal of Educational Research, 1(2), 26-36.

Aguba, C. R. (2009). Educational administration and management: Issues & perspective. Enugu: Tons and Tons PDS.

Aishat, A. N., Hardjomidjojo, P., & Yassierli, A. (2013). Effect of working ability, working condition, motivation and incentive on employee’s multi-dimensional productivity. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, 4(6), 1-5.

Alabi, A. T. (2010). School Personnel Management. In F. Durosaro & S. Ogunsaju (Eds.), The craft of educational management (pp. 153-167). Kwara State: INDEMAC Print Media.

Allen, I. E., & Christopher, A. S. (2007). Likert scales and data analyses. Quality Progress, 40(7), 64-65.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., & Sorensen, C. (2010). Introduction to research in education. California: Thomson Wadsworth.

Asumah, S., Kurachic, A., & Mensah, M. K. (2019). Can welfare management affect teacher performance? Evidence from Chana. European Journal of Training and Development Studies, 6(1), 29-41.

Bensog. J. B. (2014). Principals’ administrative effectiveness & staff productivity in selected secondary schools in southwest region, Cameroon. International Journal of Academic Research in Management, 3(2), 155-166.

Bergkvist, L., & John, R. R. (2007). The predictive validity of multi-item versus single-item measures of the same constructs. Journal of Marketing Research, 44(2), 175-184.

Chinelo, M. C. (2018). Principals’ participation in staff development programmes for effective performance in public secondary schools in Rivers state. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education, 11(2), 204-219.

Cresswell, J. W. (2015). A concise introduction to mixed methods research. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE.

Diamantopoulos, A., Marko, S., Chrisoph, F., Petra, W., & Sebastian, K. (2012). Guideline for choosing between multi-item and single-item scales for construct measurement: A predictive validity perspective. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 40(3), 434-449.

Fransisca, A. A. (2017). Perception of teachers on the role of staff welfare programmes in selected public secondary schools in Nakuru Sub-County, Kenya. International Journal of Humanities, Social Sciences and Education, 4(6), 81-87.

Frederick, B. J. A., & Stephen O. I (2010). Teachers’ perception of staff development programmes as it relates to teachers’ effectiveness: A study of rural primary schools in Kenya. Educational Research and Review, 5(1), 13-26.

Hesse-Biber, S., & Leavy, P. (2011). The practice of qualitative research. Thousand Oak, CA: Sage.

Inatimi, I. (2018). Teachers’ welfare and commitment as determinants of productivity in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education, 11(6), 1041-1058.

Joash, O. A., Jack, O. A., & Peter, J. O. A. (2017). Influence of teacher performance appraisal on effectiveness in curriculum evaluation in Kenya public secondary schools. Academic Journal of interdisciplinary Studies, 6(30), 76-84.

Johnson, B., & Christensen, L. (2008). Education of research: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Kenneth, K., Obasi, K. K., & Adanma, N. O. (2014). Teacher performance evaluation techniques in public and private secondary schools in South west, Nigeria. Global Journal of Educational Research, 13, 117-123.

Maslow, A. H. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper and Bross.

Obasi, K. K (2011). Teachers’ performance appraisal & quality secondary education delivery the planning challenges. African Journal of Educational Research & Development, 4(2), 217-223.

Okeke, F. N. (2010). Staff personnel administration. In I. L. Anukam, P. O. O.

Okunamiri & R. N. O. Ogbonna (Eds.), Basic text on educational management. Imo State: EeHech Versatile Publishers.

Omebe, C. A (2018). Human Resource management in education: Issues & challenges. British Journal of Education, 2(7), 26-31.

Owusu, A. A., Kurauchie, A., & Nanyele, S. (2018). Appraisal practice in pre-tertiary institutions: Evidence from appraisees. European Journal of Training and Development Studies, 5(1), 1-13.

Padilla-Diaz, M. (2015). Phenomenology in educational qualitative research: Philosophy as science or philosophical science. International Journal of Education Excellence, 1(2), 101-110.

Research Advisor. (2006). Sample size table. Retrieved from

Sothy, C. (2019). The effectiveness of principal in managing human resources in private secondary schools in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. International Journal of Scientific & Research Publications, 9(6), 422-425.

Tam, V. E., & Fonkeong, E. G. (2018). Human resources management and school effectiveness in government technical & secondary high schools in Cameroon. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development, 2(6), 721-733.

Waziri-Garba, E., Luka, Y. B., & Muhammed, G. (2018). Influence of social school climate and teachers’ effectiveness in senior secondary schools in Yobe State, Nigeria. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science, 2(12), 272-277.

Yim, K. H., Nahm, F. S, Han, K. A., & Park, S. Y. (2010). Analysis of statistical methods and errors in the articles. Korean Journal of Pain, 23, 35-41.

Yin, R. K. (2011). Qualitative research from start to finish. New York, NY: Guilford.


View Counter: Abstract | 0 | times, and PDF | 0 | times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Mediterranean Journal of Education | ISSN: 2732-6489 |  Department of Educational Sciences and Early Childhood EducationUniversity of Patras.

Pasithee | Library & Information Center | University of Patras